What is CBD?
CBD, or Cannabidiol, is one of the dozens of compounds that can be found in cannabis and it belongs to a class of molecules called cannabinoids. For a long period of time, marijuana usage meant that the substance commonly known as THC was the one that is the most important one, but CBD is another compound that is important in medicinal and alternative cure usage.
CBD and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) have one main difference – CBD is not a psychoactive substance, while THC is the molecule that is responsible for the “high” effects of consuming marijuana. CBD is also one of the active compounds of the hemp plant, with a different usage and effects than THC. One of the studies concerning medicinal values of CBD and cannabis, from Robert J. Melamede PhD in 2010, showed that cannabis plants with a higher concentration of CBD do not cause problems with short-term memory, other than the ones with a higher concentration of THC and smaller amounts of Cannabidiol.
This and many other studies tend to prove and explore the difference between all kind of sorts of hemp and cannabis plants. Industrial cannabis or hemp and Indian hemp or marijuana is from the same family (Latin - Cannabis Sativa) but have different seeds, usage and effects. Industrial hemp has about 0.3% of THC and a lot more of CBD, while marijuana plant has a concentration of around 10% of THC. The first one has a wider usage in textile, paper, food, personal hygiene, building materials industry etc. and is a part of human culture for centuries. It is also an eco-friendly plant for wider growing because it does not need insecticides and pesticides.
Hemp oil and hemp seed are the two great sources of essential fatty acids that are vital for the maintenance of the immune system. Hemp seed is an excellent natural source of proteins. Many medical and scientific types of research are moving from THC to CBD because of its wide range of usage and many health benefits. So far, it is still considered to be an industrial plant and an alternative medicine for helping with mental and physical issues, such as schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, arthritis, colitis, liver diseases, heart conditions, diabetes, still debatably, can help coping with chemotherapy nausea and weakness and even stop cancerous cell’s growth.
What are the CBD products?
For decades, the growers have selectively made plants with higher THC concentration, but CBD is in the focus again with many developing the plants with a small or barely existing dose of THC and a higher concentration of CBD. In 2012, the researchers in Israel have made a new sort of industrial hemp with no THC and CBD as an only active component. It will be easier, as the selective breeding develops, to make plants with more concentrated CBD.
A delivery system for CBD has many forms; it is best to use one that has an optimal dose for wanted treatment and minimum side-effects. It is dosage and concentration is somewhat individually prescribed, depending on the condition one has got. It can be vaporized, smoked in many marijuana dispensaries, and this method is used for treating acute symptoms. Hemp flowers are used for this type of consumption, but can also be pressed into concentrated oil, gel caps and tinctures but also in edible lozenge form or beverage. These are the many products that are also made directly from the hemp (cannabis sativa) seeds.
They contain very small amounts of THC and have no effects like consuming marijuana as a recreational drug. The CBD has effects on peripheral nerve system, unlike THC which triggers in central nervous system and therefore CBD does not cause feelings of ineptness.
So far, the negative side-effects are not registered, leaving the rare feeling of slight nausea that goes away quickly to be the only small discomfort when consuming CBD products. It is non-intoxicating and also the natural protection against the “high” of THC, which means that there should be no worries about leading fully functioning day without the feeling of cosiness.
In 2013, British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology issued an article in which it says that the studies have found that CBD has many medical benefits, such as no-side-effect treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, inflammatory disorders, it is anticonvulsant and anxiolytic. Most of the CBD studies are performed on animals because of the current legal systems, marginalized and illegal CBD treatment of human patients.
Is CBD legal?
While marijuana is being decriminalized and legalized around the globe for medicinal and recreational use, therefore minimizing the black drug market of this kind and helping the community profit and use it responsibly, the industrial hemp is often not legal. It's industrial usage is widely known for centuries, but in pharmacology industrial cannabis is still a field of many prejudices and government bans. Market liberalization would contribute too many independent research and also to safer quality inspections. It would develop a fair basic market field for CBD products developers thus creating a wider range of oils, balms and other natural ways to consume Cannabidiol.
All the while, evidence of its positive health effects is growing, but the pharmaceutical companies are making versions of CBD. Although many therapeutic professionals have limited knowledge about health benefits of both marijuana and cannabis, the research continues to grow on many sites and many world countries with NGOs distributing information and safe usage instructions, helping people to find hemp growers that develop CBD products. A large amount of efforts are made to make Cannabis not a pharmaceutical or street drug, but a medicinal herb.